Sunday, December 22, 2019

How Teacher s Expectations Play An Important Role On The...

Education is considered one factor of socialisation. It involves the acquisition of knowledge and the learning skills(Haralambos, 2004). From functionalist and Marxist macro-sociological perspectives education is a second agency of socialisation. Functionalist perspective was the dominant approach until the 1960s. This consensus theory argued that education helps to transmit society s norms and values. It promotes a meritocratic society by allocating people on their appropriate jobs. However, Marxist and interactionist perspectives do not support the meritocratic system. Marxism was the dominant approach through the late 1960s and 1970s. They believed that education serves the interest of the capitalism. Interactionism focus its analysis†¦show more content†¦Parson(1964) developed Durkheim ideas. He described education as the second agent of socialisation. It helps to transmit the value consensus from which society operates effectively. MacCannell s(1976) believed that in modern societies cultural productions supersede economic productions as a basis of shared values, lifestyles and world views. Not only do social forces give rise to symbolic expressions but symbols and rituals are now in the process of creating social groups (MacCannell s cited in Mclaren,1993, pp. 4). Analysing the education economic and selective functions, Parson believed that it serves as a bridge between the family and society. He described the school systems as a microcosm of society that teach and prepare children for their adult role using meritocratic principles. Davis and Moore(1967) agreed that education allocates people to the most appropriate jobs according to their abilities. Schools incentive talented people with high qualifications. They believed that people will compete to achieve the high rewards that bring them to the important positions into society(Haralambos,2008). However, Marx believe that education is the means to transmit the ruling class ideology. The Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser(1971) referred to ideological state apparatuses such as the media, culture, religion and education(Kidd,2003). He believed that in modern societies education has replaced religion. Education is seen as an agency of

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